Clinical Medical Policy Bulletins - Health Professionals | Etna (2023)

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  • Aetna's Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs) have been developed to assist in the administration of plan benefits and do not constitute medical advice. Treating providers are solely responsible for providing treatment and medical advice to members. Members should discuss any Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPB) related to their coverage or condition with their treating provider.
  • Although Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs) were developed to help administer plan benefits, they are not a description of plan benefits. Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs) express Aetna's determination as to whether certain services or supplies are medically necessary, experimental and investigational. or cosmetic. Aetna reached these conclusions based on a review of currently available clinical information (including clinical outcome studies in the peer-reviewed published medical literature, regulatory status of technology, evidence-based public health guidelines, and health research agencies, evidence-based guidelines) . and positions of major national organizations of health professionals, views of physicians practicing in relevant clinical areas, and other relevant factors).
  • Aetna makes no representations and assumes no responsibility for the content of any external information cited or relied on in Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs). The discussion, analysis, conclusions, and positions expressed in Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs), including any reference to a particular provider, product, process, or service by name, trademark, or manufacturer, represent the views of Aetna and They are made without the intent to defame them. Aetna expressly reserves the right to revise these conclusions as clinical information changes and welcomes further relevant information, including corrections of factual errors.
  • CPBs contain references to standard HIPAA compliant code sets to support search functionality and facilitate billing and payment for covered services. New and revised codes will be added to the CPBs as they are updated. When invoicing, you must use the most appropriate code on the effective date. Unlisted, unspecified, and unspecific codes should be avoided.
  • Each benefit plan defines which benefits are covered, which are excluded, and which are subject to dollar caps or other restrictions. Members and their providers should consult the Member's Benefit Plan to determine if there are any exclusions or other benefit limitations applicable to that service or delivery. The conclusion that a particular service or delivery is medically necessary does not constitute a representation or warranty that that service or delivery will be covered (ie, paid for by Aetna) for a particular Member. The member's benefit plan determines coverage. Some plans exclude coverage for services or supplies that Aetna deems medically necessary. In the event of a discrepancy between a Clinical Policy Bulletin (CPB) and a member's plan of benefits, the plan of benefits will control.
  • In addition, coverage may be required by applicable state, federal or CMS legal requirements for Medicare and Medicaid members.

Check out the CMS Medicare Coverage Center

  • Please also note that Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs) are updated regularly and are therefore subject to change.
  • Because Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs) can be highly technical and are intended to be used by our professional staff to make clinical determinations related to coverage decisions, members should review these bulletins with their providers to ensure they understand completely our policies.
  • While Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs) define Aetna's clinical policies, medical necessity decisions related to coverage decisions are made on a case-by-case basis. In the event a member disagrees with a coverage decision, Aetna gives its members the right to appeal the decision. In addition, a member may have the opportunity to have insurance denials verified by an independent third party based on medical necessity or in relation to trial or investigational status when the service or supply in question for which the member is financially responsible is $500 or more. However, applicable government mandates take precedence over fully insured plans and self-funded plans not covered by ERISA (eg, government, school boards, church).

Check out Aetna's External Review Program

  • The five-digit codes included in Aetna's Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs) are derived from the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®), Copyright 2015 by the American Medical Association (AMA). The CPT was developed by the AMA as a list of descriptive terms and five-digit identification codes and modifiers to report medical services and procedures performed by physicians.
  • Aetna is responsible for the content of Aetna's Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs) and no endorsement by the AMA is intended or should be implied. The AMA disclaims any responsibility or liability for any consequence or liability arising from the use, non-use, or interpretation of the information contained in Aetna's Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs). No part of the CPT contains a rate table, basic unit values, guide values ​​for relative values, conversion factors or scales. Any use of CPT outside of Aetna's Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs) must refer to the most current procedural terminology, which includes the most current and complete list of CPT codes and descriptive terms. Applicable FARS/DFARS apply.


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Copyright only CPT 2015 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. CPT is a registered trademark of the American Medical Association.

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Any unauthorized use herein is prohibited, including, without limitation, making copies of CPT for resale and/or licensing, transferring copies of CPT to any third party not subject to this Agreement, the realization of works modified or derived from CPT. or commercial use of CPT. License to use CPT for any use not authorized herein must be obtained through the American Medical Association, CPT Intellectual Property Services, 515 N. State Street, Chicago, Illinois 60610. Applications are available on the CPT website. the American Medical Association at

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This product includes CPT, which is commercial technical data and/or computer databases and/or commercial computer software and/or commercial computer software documentation developed exclusively at private expense by the American Medical Association, 515 North State Street, Chicago, Illinois , 60610. The rights of the US government to use, modify, reproduce, publish, perform, display or disclose this Technical Data and/or the computer database and/or computer software and/or or computer software documentation are subject to the restrictions in DFARS Restricted Rights 252.227-7015 (b)(2) (June 1995) and/or subject to the limitations of DFARS 227.7202-1(a) (June 1995). 1995) and DFARS 227.7202-3(a) (June 1995) as applicable to US Department of Defense acquisitions and the restricted rights of FAR 52.227-14 (June 1987) and/or subject to Statutes of Restricted Rights FAR 5 Amendments 2.227-14 (June 1987) and FAR 52.227-19 (June 1987), as applicable, and any applicable agency FAR Supplements for federal acquisitions outside the Department of Defense.

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CPT is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. There are no rate tables, base units, relative values, or related listings in CPT. The American Medical Association (AMA) does not directly or indirectly practice medicine or provide medical services. The contents of this product are the responsibility of Aetna, Inc. and no endorsement by the AMA is intended or implied. WADA disclaims all liability for any consequences or liability arising from the use, non-use, or interpretation of any information contained or not contained in this product.

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What is a clinical policy bulletin? ›

Clinical policy bulletins are used by Medicare Advantage plans and commercial payers to describe the services and procedures they cover and under what circumstances, says Denise Wilson, vice president of clinical audit and appeal services at AppealMasters in Towson, Maryland.

Does Aetna follow CMS guidelines? ›

Every year, our National Quality Management Department implements the CCIP. We do this in accordance with Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) requirements.

What is CPB in Aetna? ›

Medical Clinical Policy Bulletins (CPBs) detail the services and procedures we consider medically necessary, cosmetic, or experimental and unproven. They help us decide what we will and will not cover. CPBs are based on: Peer-reviewed, published medical journals. A review of available studies on a particular topic.

What are clinical policy guidelines? ›

Clinical practice guidelines serve as a framework to provide guidance for clinical decisions and evidence-based best practices, but cannot substitute for the individual clinical judgment brought to each clinical situation by the patient's family physician.

What is CAPP in healthcare? ›

The Council of Accountable Physician Practices (CAPP) is a coalition of organized multispecialty medical groups and health systems. We believe that improving the health of all Americans requires the reshaping of the care delivery system.

What are Milliman clinical guidelines? ›

The Milliman Care Guidelines span the continuum of patient care providing access to evidence-based knowledge and best practices relevant to patients in a broad range of care settings. This not only assists with decisions for each setting but also facilitates coordination of care and smooth patient transitions.

What providers are regulated by CMS? ›

Provider Type
  • All Fee-For-Service Providers.
  • Ambulatory Surgical Centers (ASC)
  • Ambulance Services.
  • Anesthesiologists.
  • Clinical Labs.
  • Critical Access Hospitals.
  • Durable Medical Equipment (DME)
  • Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC)

Does Hipaa apply to CMS? ›

CMS's enforcement authority covers the Administrative Simplification provisions of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) and subsequent legislation. CMS authority does not extend to the HIPAA Security Rule and the Privacy Rule.

Does UHC follow CMS guidelines? ›

UnitedHealthcare follows Medicare coverage guidelines and regularly updates its Medicare Advantage Policy Guidelines to comply with changes in Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) policy.

What type of insurance is Cchp? ›

The Oregon Health Plan (OHP) is Oregon's Medicaid and Children's Health Insurance Program. It provides health care coverage for Oregonians from all walks of life. This includes working families, children, pregnant adults, single adults and seniors.

Is Aetna owned by CVS health? ›

CVS Health Completes Acquisition of Aetna, Marking Start of Transforming Consumer Health Experience. WOONSOCKET, R.I., Nov.

Is CVS health the same as Aetna? ›

CVS Health is a separate legal entity from Aetna Health Inc.

What are 5 examples of policies in care? ›

10 important healthcare policies for your facility
  • Patient care policies. ...
  • Workplace health and safety policies. ...
  • Information security policy. ...
  • Data privacy and IT security. ...
  • Drug handling. ...
  • Administrative and HR policies. ...
  • Social media policies. ...
  • BYOD policy.
Dec 22, 2020

What are the 5 basic categories of healthcare regulatory policies? ›

Regulatory Policies
  • market-entry restrictions;
  • rate- or price-setting controls on health services providers;
  • quality controls on the provision of health services;
  • market-preserving controls; and.
  • social regulation.
Feb 23, 2023

What is the importance of having clinical policies and guidelines? ›

Clinical guidelines are evidence-informed recommendations intended to optimize patient care. A valid guideline has the potential to influence care outcomes, but for that it needs to be effectively disseminated and implemented so it can inform care processes.

What are the two types of CAPP? ›

There are two types of computer aided process planning system. These are as follows : (a) Variant CAPP, and (b) Generative CAPP. A process planning system that creates new plans by retrieving and modifying a standard process plan for a given part family.

What is a CCM patient? ›

CCM is care coordination services done outside of the regular office visit for patients with two or more chronic conditions expected to last at least 12 months or until the death of the patient, and that place the patient at significant risk of death, acute exacerbation/decompensation, or functional decline.

What is a clinical quality assessment resource? ›

What is a Clinical Quality Measure (CQM)? CQMs can be measures of processes, experiences and/or outcomes of patient care, observations or treatment that relate to one or more quality aims for health care such as effective, safe, efficient, patient-centered, equitable, and timely care.

What is the difference between Milliman and InterQual? ›

InterQual's criteria are, in some respects, stricter than Milliman's, with more precise clinical benchmarks for each level of care. That could mean an uptick in denials for cases in which the patient is borderline for inpatient vs. observation or discharge vs. continued stay.

What are the two types of clinical guidelines? ›

APA develops two types of guidelines: clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and professional practice guidelines (PPGs). Both types of guidelines are aspirational and consist of recommendations to practitioners to assist in the delivery of high quality care.

What are InterQual and Milliman care guidelines? ›

Acute inpatient hospitals use Milliman and InterQual criteria to help determine the appropriateness of care. Both sets of criteria are evidence-based screening tools used by providers and insurance companies. They do not substitute for the physician advisors' professional opinions when determining medical necessity.

Which healthcare professionals are regulated? ›

Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) The HCPC regulates 15 healthcare professionals: arts therapists, biomedical scientists, chiropodists / podiatrists, clinical scientists, dieticians, hearing aid dispensers, occupational therapists, operating department practitioners, orthoptists, paramedics, physiotherapists, ...

What are the 3 types of healthcare providers? ›

Types of Providers. There are many different types of health services providers, such as primary care providers, nurses, specialists, and pharmacists.

Who has to follow CMS guidelines? ›

This work applies to the following Medicare-participating facilities:
  • Ambulatory Surgical Centers (ASCs);
  • Community Mental Health Centers (CMHCs);
  • Comprehensive Outpatient Rehabilitation Facilities (CORFs);
  • End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Facilities;
  • Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs);
4 days ago

What are the 4 most common HIPAA violations? ›

5 Most Common HIPAA Privacy Violations
  • Losing Devices. ...
  • Getting Hacked. ...
  • Employees Dishonestly Accessing Files. ...
  • Improper Filing and Disposing of Documents. ...
  • Releasing Patient Information After the Authorization Period Expires.

What are the 3 types of HIPAA violations? ›

The 3 types of HIPAA violations are administrative, civil, and criminal violations. Most administrative HIPAA violations are investigated by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), while civil HIPAA violations are investigated by the HHS´ Office for Civil Rights (OCR).

Does HIPAA apply to only healthcare professionals? ›

But HIPAA affects a great number of people other than healthcare providers. Employers that offer group health plans and any business or individual that provides services to physicians, healthcare providers, hospitals and insurance companies may also be affected by HIPAA.

Does CMS require a compliance program? ›

All employees of Medicare Advantage Organizations (MAOs) and Prescription Drug Plans (PDPs) (collectively referred to in this course as “Sponsors”) must receive training about compliance with CMS program rules. You may need to complete FWA training within 90 days of your initial hire.

Is Optum and UnitedHealthcare the same? ›

About UnitedHealth Group

UnitedHealth Group has two distinct business platforms: Optum and UnitedHealthcare. This cohesive partnership offers an array of health services and health benefits.

Why is UnitedHealthcare denying claims? ›

UnitedHealthcare may have denied your claim because it believes your condition to be pre-existing, because you used an out-of-network provider, because the treatment is considered experimental or because the company does not believe the treatment is medically necessary.

What are the three types of health insurance plans? ›

For a lot of people who get their health insurance through their employer, it comes down to what options are available. If there is more than one choice, you likely have to decide between an HMO, PPO, EPO or POS option.

Is CCHP Medi-Cal? ›

Contra Costa Health Plan (CCHP) has a Medi/Cal contract with the California Department of Health Care Services (DHSC).

What is telehealth Cchp? ›

Telehealth is a broad term that encompasses a variety of telecommunications technologies and tactics to provide health services from a distance. Telehealth is not a specific clinical service, but rather a collection of means to enhance care and education delivery.

Who owns Blue Cross Blue Shield? ›

Blue Cross Blue Shield Association (BCBSA)

The Association owns and manages the Blue Cross and Blue Shield trademarks and names in more than 170 countries around the world. The Association also grants licenses to independent companies to use the trademarks and names in exclusive geographic areas.

What is Aetna called now? ›

CVS Health

Is Aetna owned by Walgreens? ›

In a written statement, Aetna, which owns Walgreens' rival CVS, responded it has nearly 2,000 in-network pharmacies statewide for Medicaid members, including independent pharmacies and those in national and regional chains such as Walmart and Jewel-Osco.

Is CVS owned by Walgreens? ›

Walgreens is an American company that operates the second-largest pharmacy store chain in the United States behind CVS Health. It specializes in filling prescriptions, health and wellness products, health information, and photo services.
25 more rows

Does CVS own target? ›

CVS Health Completes Acquisition of Target's Pharmacy And Clinic Businesses. CVS Health Corp. has completed the acquisition of Target Corp.'s pharmacy and clinic businesses for approximately $1.9 billion.

What are some examples of healthcare policies? ›

Examples of policies designed to protect and promote employee health include rules around the consumption of alcohol and tobacco in the workplace, wearing masks and gloves to minimize the risk of exposure to illnesses and chemicals, and wellness policies such as time off and healthy eating.

What are some policy issues in healthcare? ›

Here are the top 10 health issues that will continue to define 2022 and beyond:
  • COVID-19. ...
  • Telehealth waivers. ...
  • Build Back Better. ...
  • Drug pricing. ...
  • Surprise billing. ...
  • Mental health policy. ...
  • Physician payment. ...
  • User fee reauthorization legislation.
Jan 18, 2022

Which 5 main policies and procedures do health and social care workers have to follow? ›

However, in general health and social care settings will all need the following policies and procedures at the very least:
  • Safeguarding and protection.
  • Equal opportunities.
  • Record keeping.
  • Confidentiality.
  • First aid.
  • Concerns/whistleblowing in health and social care and complaints.
  • Administration of medicines.

What are the 4 different forms of healthcare policy? ›

The types of health insurance plans you should know are:

Preferred provider organization (PPO) plan. Health maintenance organization (HMO) plan. Point of service (POS) plan. Exclusive provider organization (EPO)

What are the major US health policies? ›

In the US, the six major government programs are Medicare, Medicaid, the State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP), the Department of Defense TRICARE and TRICARE for Life programs (DOD TRICARE), the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) program, and the Indian Health Service (IHS) program.

Who creates healthcare policies? ›

Who Makes Health Policy? In the United States, health policy decisions are made at both the federal level by Congress and by healthcare agencies. Some important health policies set by Congress include Medicare policy, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and HIPAA.

What is the purpose of policies and procedures in healthcare? ›

Importance of policies and procedures in healthcare

Policies and procedures set expectations and proper ways of doing things. They guide day-to-day activities, helping promote consistency in practices, reduce mistakes, and keep patients and staff safe. Healthcare workers regularly deal with life-or-death scenarios.

What is a clinical policy? ›

Clinical policies — also known as clinical guidelines, clinical practice guidelines, practice parameters and practice policies — are sets of recommendations for the care of patients with specific conditions or diseases.

What is clinical practice guidelines and who does it provide in healthcare setting? ›

As defined in the IOM's 1990 report, practice guidelines are "systematically developed statements to assist practitioner and patient decisions about appropriate health care for specific clinical circumstances"2 Medical review criteria are "systematically developed statements that can be used to assess the ...

What is a clinical guidance document? ›

NICE clinical guidelines are recommendations on how healthcare and other professionals should care for people with specific conditions. The recommendations are based on the best available evidence. Clinical guidelines are also important for health service managers and those who commission NHS services.

What is Optum behavioral clinical policy? ›

Optum Behavioral Clinical Policies: Criteria that stem from evaluation of new services or treatments or new applications of existing services or treatments, and are used to make determinations regarding proven or unproven services and treatments.

What is a clinical study registry? ›

A patient registry is "an organized system that uses observational study methods to collect uniform data (clinical and other) to evaluate specified outcomes for a population defined by a particular disease, condition or exposure, and that serves a predetermined scientific, clinical or policy purpose."

What should a clinical risk management plan include? ›

The risk management plan (which should be fully reflected in the care plan) should include a summary of all risks identified, formulations of situations in which identified risks may occur, and actions to be taken by practitioners and the service user in response to a crisis.

Who writes clinical practice guidelines? ›

The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) develops evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs), which serve as a framework for clinical decisions and supporting best practices. Clinical practice guidelines are statements that include recommendations intended to optimize patient care.

What are essential documents in clinical trials? ›

International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) Good Clinical Practices (GCP) guidance defines essential documents as “those documents which individually and collectively permit evaluation of the conduct of the clinical trial and the quality of the data produced.

Are UnitedHealthcare and Optum the same? ›

Optum, the fast growing part of UnitedHealth Group, is a leading information and technology-enabled health services business. Our teams are dedicated to modernizing the health care system and improving the lives of people and communities.

Is UMR the same as Optum? ›

United Health Care (UHC), Optum, and United Behavioral Health (UBH) are all “Optum” companies which handle mental health claims. All of these companies use the same Payer ID to file claims (87726), so they all end up in the same place at the end of the day.
Plan NamePayer ID
26 more rows

What are the three stages of integrated behavioral healthcare? ›

Levels of Integrated Behavioral Health Care
  • Level One: Minimal Collaboration. ...
  • Level Two: Basic Collaboration At a Distance. ...
  • Level Three: Basic Collaboration On-Site. ...
  • Level Four: Close Collaboration In a Partly Integrated System. ...
  • Level Five: Close Collaboration In a Fully Integrated System.

What are the 4 types of clinical trials? ›

Types of clinical trials
  • Pilot studies and feasibility studies.
  • Prevention trials.
  • Screening trials.
  • Treatment trials.
  • Multi-arm multi-stage (MAMS) trials.
  • Cohort studies.
  • Case control studies.
  • Cross sectional studies.
Feb 1, 2022

What is the difference between a clinical study and a registry? ›

There is only one difference between registry studies and clinical studies: registry studies are observational and clinical studies are investigational. (When clinical studies are randomized they are called randomized clinical studies or RCTs.)

What are the 4 phases of clinical trials? ›

Information For
  • Step 1: Discovery and Development.
  • Step 2: Preclinical Research.
  • Step 3: Clinical Research.
  • Step 4: FDA Drug Review.
  • Step 5: FDA Post-Market Drug Safety Monitoring.
Jan 4, 2018

What are the 5 stages of clinical risk assessment? ›

You can do it yourself or appoint a competent person to help you.
  • Identify hazards.
  • Assess the risks.
  • Control the risks.
  • Record your findings.
  • Review the controls.
Feb 14, 2023

What are the 3 areas of risk management in healthcare? ›

The Role of Healthcare Risk Managers

These professionals typically work in the following areas of medical administration: Financing, insurance, and claims management. Event and incident management. Clinical research.

What are the 5 components of risk management? ›

What Are The Components of Risk Management?
  1. Risk Identification. Risk identification is the process of documenting potential risks and then categorizing the actual risks the business faces. ...
  2. Risk Analysis. ...
  3. Response Planning. ...
  4. Risk Mitigation. ...
  5. Risk Monitoring.
Mar 15, 2021


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